The reform of access to health studies continues to suffer setbacks. The Council of State orders fifteen universities (Aix-Marseille, Antilles, Bordeaux, Burgundy, Caen-Normandie, Clermont-Auvergne, Lille-II, Lorraine, Montpellier, Poitiers, Rouen-Normandie, Saint-Etienne, Strasbourg, Toulouse- III and Tours) to take new decisions to achieve a number of second year places at least 20% higher than that of 2020-2021.
In its decision published Thursday, July 8, the high administrative court ruled in favor of fifteen local collectives of parents of students who had protested since March against the distribution – deemed unfair – of places in the second year of health studies voted by the universities for the start of the 2021 school year. In this year of transition between two training systems, exceptionally, three streams have coexisted: the two new access routes created at the start of the 2020 academic year – the specific health access routes ( PASS) and licenses with health access (L.AS) – as well as a “remainder” of the first year common to health studies (Paces), made up of the final cohort of repeaters for the year 2019-2020.
“Manifest error of assessment”
For the first time, universities have had to determine, in consultation with regional health agencies, a “numerus apertus” setting the number of second-level places. year to be expected for PASS and L.AS. For its part, the Ministry of Higher Education has calculated the ultimate “numerus clausus” setting the maximum number of admissions among repeat students of Paces in each of the faculties. On April 28, the summary judge of the Council of State suspended this ministerial decree, forcing Frédérique Vidal and Olivier Véran, Minister of Health, to make new calculations. A second decree, taken on May 5, had been attacked again by the parents’ collectives, on the grounds that the students of PASS and L.AS would, once again, be harmed in favor of repeaters from Paces.
The Council of State confirms this observation by considering that “The distribution of places in the second year has been made, in general, to the advantage of students from the old system, the Paces”, and this while “The legislator had wished not to create inequalities to the detriment of new first year students enrolled in the new courses”. He specifies that with Paces representing 30% of first year students, “The attacked decree reserves them about 48% of places in second year”.
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