We, the Foreign Ministers of France, Germany and the United Kingdom (the E3s), take note with great concern of the latest IAEA report which confirms that Iran has started the necessary steps for the production of enriched uranium metal. This constitutes a serious violation by Iran of its commitments under the Joint Global Plan of Action (JCPoA). Iran has no credible civilian need to continue uranium metal production or R&D, which is a key step in the development of a nuclear weapon.
This further step in the escalation of Iran’s nuclear violations is all the more worrying as it comes when no date has been set for a resumption of negotiations in Vienna for a return to the JCPoA. It also intervenes in a context where Iran has substantially reduced the access of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) by disengaging from the JCPoA verification and monitoring arrangements and by ceasing the application of the Additional Protocol.
We strongly call on Iran to end without delay all activities it pursues in violation of the JCPoA and to resume negotiations in Vienna with the aim of reaching an expeditious conclusion. We have repeatedly stressed that time is not on anyone’s side. With these latest steps, Iran poses a risk to the possibility of a successful conclusion of the Vienna talks, despite the progress made in six negotiating sessions to date.