It is on the fifth floor of the faculty of medicine, behind these doors closed for two years, that an inspection mission was carried out at the request of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research. We were able to consult the report of the General Inspectorate of Social Affairs (Igas). It evokes “the provision of bodies for crash tests in the automotive sector”.
In total, in 2019, “37% of the income of the Center des corps came from companies whose main purpose was industrial”. It is legal, but donors have not been informed. This is what the vice-president of the Charnier Descartes association, Laurence Dezelée, tells us, whose mother, who died in 2015, gave her body to the center: “It all looked very beautiful on paper, they were told, ‘You are going to serve something noble.’ It’s an act of love actually. Of course, she wasn’t told, ‘You might be going for crash tests and being sent at 150 an hour into a wall.’ Obviously she didn’t know. ”
This opacity is also confirmed by the geneticist and former president of the University (2007-2011), Axel Kahn.
“The people who give their bodies to science are not aware of doing so within the framework of a private contractualization, that is to say by integrating financial circuits and, consequently, there is deception, undoubtedly . “
Axel Kahn, former president of the medical school
So how did bodies end up in the hands of the auto industry?
An agreement, legal and unique in Europe, has been signed between Paris-Descartes University and Ceesar (European Center for Safety Studies and Risk Analysis), the body responsible for biomechanics studies, mandated by the builders. This provides for the provision of bodies, priced: “900 euros for a subject, 400 for an anatomical part”.
Experiments deemed essential by Professor Olivier GAGEY, President of the Scientific Council of CEESAR: “We are now faced with the problem of subjects who are very overweight in shocks. We are forced to use a corpse to acquire data that will be transposed into the model. It is essential, we want to ensure that the devices are not aggressive and dangerous to humans. “
Car manufacturers are not the only ones to have used bodies, military experiments have also taken place, as confirmed by Olivier Gagey: “The military needs to be prepared to receive shocks in all directions. What happens in a vehicle that jumps on a mine and how can the occupants of the vehicle be better protected?“
With a view to reopening the center, how will donors be better informed? The Minister of Higher Education, Frédérique Vidal, awaits the delivery of a report on June 7 to better supervise the donation of bodies.
Among our sources:
– The survey published by L’Express in November 2019.
– The summary of the report of the General Inspectorate of Social Affairs on the body donation center of Parsi-Descartes University.
– Presentation of the department of traumatology and shock biomechanics of Ceesar
– The Facebook page of the Charnier Descartes association