Less than 1% of fathers take full-time parental leave after the birth of their child, while a reform in force since 2015 aimed to increase this rate to 25%, reports a study published Wednesday, April 7, by the Observatory. French on economic conjunctures (OFCE, dependent on Sciences Po Paris).
“Go towards a model that is more shared between the two parents”
According to the authors, this failure is largely attributable to the small amount of compensation offered, of 399 euros per month for full-time leave, regardless of previous compensation. Based on its observation, and following the conclusions of the “report of the first 1000 days” submitted in June 2020 by the neuropsychiatrist Boris Cyrulnik who insists on the importance of the first 1000 days of the child, the government plans to reform parental leave. ” NOTWe are opening a large-scale project that aims to reflect globally on parental leave, to move towards a model that is more shared between the two parents, and to allow them to really take care of their little child. », Specifies the entourage of Adrien Taquet, Secretary of State in charge of children, in Parisien.
France could well be inspired by the model of Scandinavian countries like Sweden where both parents are encouraged to stop working during the first year of their child and where, above all, the compensation is calculated according to the past salary and equates to a sum of up to 80% of it. In Sweden, parents benefit from parental leave of 480 days, to be divided between the two parents, with a minimum of 60 days reserved for the father. The aim is to promote their involvement in the education of children and professional equality between men and women. It is the most generous system in Europe.
This important modification of parental leave envisaged by France aims to motivate fathers to take this leave, to move towards a model that is more shared between the two parents and therefore to reduce inequalities between men and women, especially at the professional level. ” With regard to the employer, the maternity risk and the paternity risk would be comparable “, We estimate in the entourage of Adrien Taquet.
While waiting for the reflection to lead to a parental leave different from that which we currently know, the duration of the paternity leave will double from July 1 to 28 days.