Has the health crisis had an impact on smoking in France? This is the question that a study by Public Health France tried to answer, estimating the prevalence of smoking in 2020 and its evolution compared to 2019.
Based on the Public Health France barometer but also on a telephone survey conducted between January and March, then between June and July 2020 *, the study shows that in 2020, “more than three adults aged 18-75 in ten reported smoking (31.8%) and a quarter reported smoking daily (25.5%) ”.
And these percentages are roughly equivalent to those for the same period in 2019. Has the crisis therefore had no effect?
Resetting the downtrend
In reality this is not true for everyone. Thus, “the prevalence of daily smoking increased from 29.8% to 33.3% among the third of the population with the lowest incomes,” notes Public Health France.
In addition, “after a drop in smoking in mainland France from 2014 to 2019, the prevalence stabilizes in 2020”. This can be interpreted as a brake on the decline and therefore a form of resumption of smoking.
Moreover, for Public Health France, “in a context of unprecedented health, psychological, economic and social crisis, one of the challenges is to reinstate a downward trend, and to further strengthen the fight among the populations most vulnerable to smoking. , social inequalities being very marked ”.
Because indeed, “social inequalities remain very marked in 2020, with a 15-point difference between the lowest and highest incomes.”
* on a random sample from the adult population residing in metropolitan France, from a total sample of 14,873 individuals