It’s a revelation. According to the results of research recently published in the journal Royal Society Open Biology, male gonads and the brain share a lot in common. In any case, much more, compared to other organs of the human body.
Who could have believed that these two bodies, ultimately as important as each other, could present so many similarities. But the point is, the brain and testes share 13,442 proteins in common.
This is the result of a comparative study conducted by researchers on 33 different types of tissues present in the human body, including the heart, intestines, ovaries, and even the placenta.
Two organs distant from each other and ultimately very similar in their functioning
According to the researchers behind this ultimately very interesting study, proteins similar to these two organs are mainly involved in tissue development and cellular communication.
So, if on the one hand, the brain will consume a large amount of energy in order to create connections between the neurons and allow them to communicate with each other, on the other hand, the testes will work to keep these precious germ cells. that sperm are healthy and in excellent condition so that they can then meet their goals.
In addition, neurons and spermatozoa also have a lot in common in their functioning, according to the researchers. This is where the phenomenon of exocytosis will come into play.
Understand by this that these cells, the neurons and the spermatozoa, will both release something from the inside: the neurotransmitters and the formation of dendrites and axons for the former, the fertilization factors that will allow them to merge with the ovum in the second.
For Bárbara Matos and her team, the links between these two fabrics must be better studied. This would allow us to understand the dysfunctions affecting the brain and the testes. But beyond this aspect, it will make it possible to understand why two such distinct organs ended up presenting so many similarities, each evolving on their own.