Stronger side effects after the second injection of the Covid-19 vaccine: Don’t panic, the immune defense is getting stronger! |

Populations vaccinated against Covid-19 do not have to worry about side effects which could be greater after the second injection. In a briefing note from the Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO), assurances are given to them. “This shows that the immune defense of your body is strengthening, and these effects should disappear after a few days”, specifies the note which recommends all the same to consult a doctor if the aforementioned effects worsen or not. have not disappeared after a few days.

What are the benefits of getting vaccinated against Covid-19?

Vaccines against Covid-19 protect you against severe forms of the disease, hospitalizations and the risk of death, by helping the body to develop immunity. They can also help reduce the human-to-human spread of the virus, so a person’s choice to get the vaccine could save many more lives. Covid-19 vaccines are an essential tool to end the pandemic and help societies return to normal life. Mass vaccination campaigns should also serve to reduce the pressure on health workers and hospitals, giving them the opportunity to care for patients with other illnesses. WHO recommends that you get vaccinated against Covid-19 as soon as possible.

Why is vaccination important, if I practice barrier gestures on a daily basis?

Vaccination is important in order to: protect yourself: the expected benefit of the vaccine is primarily individual; the vaccinated person is protected against the disease in the event of contact with the virus; the vaccine helps prevent getting sick or reduce the severity of the illness; protect others: the expected benefit of the vaccine is collective, for the person vaccinated and the people they meet; control the spread of Covid-19 at the country level: the vaccine allows vaccinated people to be less at risk of contracting Covid-19 and if a very large part of the population is vaccinated, the virus circulates less in the population ; it is a matter of solidarity for the benefit of all.

Why has Benin made a commitment to vaccinate the population against Covid-19 despite the low number of cases and the low rate of death due to the disease?

Compared to many countries in the world, Benin has recorded fewer deaths among people infected with the Covid-19 virus. However, in recent months, Covid-19 is becoming more and more deadly around the world and Benin is not spared. The number of contamination has doubled compared to the year 2020 and people both young and old are dying of it. This is why we must all act to review this downward trend and hope for a return to normal life. And vaccination is one of the sure ways, in addition to barrier gestures, to achieve this. As a reminder, vaccination in Benin is safe, effective and free.

Are Covid-19 vaccines effective?

Yes. Available data from clinical trials and from use in real life conditions indicate that Covid-19 vaccines are very effective and provide protection against severe forms of Covid-19 and death from this disease. One of WHO’s top priorities is to ensure the safety and quality of all vaccines. The World Health Organization works closely with national authorities to ensure that global standards and criteria are developed and implemented to assess the quality, safety and efficacy of vaccines.

Are vaccinated people exposed to the adverse side effects shown in other areas of these vaccines?

Like any vaccine, Covid-19 vaccines can cause side effects, although many people do not experience any. In the majority of cases, these side effects are minor and short-lived. Side effects may include pain at the injection site, fatigue, fever, chills, nausea, or headache. Serious post-vaccination events are extremely rare. For Covid-19 vaccines that require two injections, the side effects of the second injection may be greater than the side effects seen after the first dose. This shows that your body’s immune defense is building up, and these effects should go away after a few days. Please consult your doctor if the side effects get worse or have not gone away after a few days. Vaccines against Covid-19 have been shown to significantly reduce the risk of developing a severe form of the disease and of dying from infection with the virus.

What measures does the government of Benin take in the event of serious side effects?

The government of Benin, through the Ministry of Health, has set up a monitoring and management system for adverse effects that could occur after vaccination. In the event of adverse effects, cases are referred to selected hospitals and are treated. In addition, health workers at all vaccination sites have been trained and equipped to react quickly to possible cases of side effects.

What are the categories of people who can be vaccinated?

The Covid-19 vaccination target has been broadened. Indeed, any citizen aged 18 and over can be vaccinated for free against Covid-19. However, it is important to note that health workers, people over the age of 60 and people with co-morbidities (asthma, diabetes, hypertension, etc.) remain priority targets given their vulnerability to severe forms of the disease. . Indeed, health personnel are more at risk because they are in frequent contact with infected people. In October 2020, Benin registered 150 health workers infected with Covid-19 during the performance of their duties. Fortunately, no deaths were recorded, as the cases were diagnosed and treated on time. People with comorbidity, that is to say diseases such as high blood pressure, asthma, diabetes, sickle cell disease, obesity, are more vulnerable to severe forms of the disease. In Benin, nearly 82% of those who died had at least one comorbidity. People over the age of 60 are also at risk of contracting severe forms of the disease as the risk increases with age. In Benin, more than half of the people who have died from Covid-19 are people in this age group.

What are the steps to follow to get vaccinated against Covid-19 if I live in Benin?

Vaccination centers have been identified in the districts and municipalities to receive the target people in the 12 departments. To benefit from free vaccination, simply go to one of the centers to register. Two doses of the vaccine are needed to be protected against Covid-19. You will be scheduled for the administration of the second dose.

Does a person who has already contracted Covid-19 need to be vaccinated?

YES. Vaccination is indicated even for people who have already contracted the Covid-19 virus. The immunity conferred by vaccination is safer than that conferred by disease. Indeed, some people who have already developed the disease of the Coronavirus have been contaminated again and therefore have the disease again.

When should we return for the administration of the second dose of vaccine?

Following the administration of the first dose of the vaccine against Covid-19, the date of the second vaccination dose is indicated in the vaccination record. Regarding the Covishield vaccine (AstraZeneca), the administration of the second dose is between eight (08) and twelve (12) weeks. With regard to the Sinovac vaccine, the administration of the second dose is done after four (04) weeks from the date of the administration of the first dose. To do this, the person to be vaccinated must go to the same vaccination site. It is important to keep your vaccination card properly. Vaccines against Covid-19 are effective in preventing severe forms of the disease and death. But given that they were only developed in the last few months, it is still too early to know for sure how long the protection these vaccines provide. Studies are still ongoing to determine the duration of vaccine protection. This question, as well as others, will be answered over the next few months as the studies progress.

Are barrier gestures exempted once vaccinated?

No. We will need to continue to wear masks, respect physical distancing and wash our hands frequently. Even vaccinated, a person can be a carrier of the virus. In order to protect those who have not yet been vaccinated and could contract serious forms of the disease, and to limit the spread of the virus, we must therefore continue to respect barrier gestures. It will take a long time to produce a sufficient number of vaccine doses and distribute them widely enough to stop the spread of the virus and, even at this stage, it is estimated that more than two-thirds (about 60%) of the population will need to be vaccinated before achieving collective immunity.

After being vaccinated, can you still contract Covid-19?

It usually takes a few weeks after vaccination for the body to develop immunity; It is therefore possible that you will be infected just before or shortly after the vaccination, and then become ill because the vaccine did not have enough time to provide you with protection. Populations must continue to apply proven barrier measures such as regular hand washing or cleaning, wearing masks and practicing physical distancing to reduce transmission of the virus.

Why is the Pcr test still required at borders (land and air) even for people vaccinated against Covid-19?

The virus undergoes mutations and new variants are encountered. The Covid-19 screening test is essential before any entry and movement outside the borders of Benin in order to be reassured that the traveler has not been in contact with a variant for which the vaccine received has limited effectiveness. At the current stage, the duration of protection of the vaccine is not well controlled and the majority of countries around the world still require Pcr tests when entering their country. It should be remembered that apart from the travel conditions, the Pcr test is now done on medical prescription by decision of the Ministry of Health through the memo N ° 0471-2021 / Ms / Dc / Sgm / Dnsp / Sp en date of May 11, 2021 addressed to the actors of the health pyramid.

Source: Ministry of Health / WHO

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