Published on : 24/06/2021 – 22:43
The arrival of summer and the decline of the Covid-19 pandemic have brought the migration issue back to the forefront, on the menu of the EU summit on Thursday and Friday. While attempts to cross the borders of the European Union are on the rise everywhere compared to 2020, the European Council will examine aid to third countries to limit these trips.
Will the leaders of the European Union manage to agree their positions on migration policy? The question is burning for the Twenty-Seven as the European Union summit opens on Thursday, June 24.
Attempts to cross EU borders are on the rise everywhere compared to 2020, with in particular a rebound phenomenon due to the passages of migrants who had delayed their movements due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
The only point that has consensus among the Twenty-Seven is the closure of borders, according to François Gemenne, teacher at Sciences Po and specialist in migratory flows, invited Thursday evening on the antenna of France 24.
To watch: François Gemenne’s analysis of EU migration policy
In this regard, the European Union should renew the agreements with Ankara which aimed to prevent Syrian refugees in Turkey from moving to the EU.
The European Commission should therefore propose allocating 5.7 billion euros to finance aid to Syrian refugees in Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan until 2024, according to the proposal consulted on Wednesday by AFP.
“Outsourcing” under debate
An envelope of 3.5 billion euros is intended for actions in favor of the 3.7 million Syrians living in Turkey to flee the conflict in their country.
An initial funding of 535 million euros has already been released to continue the EU’s actions in Turkey during the year 2021, the document said.
The proposal was demanded by European leaders in March, but the Commission was slow to implement and drew admonitions from Member States to which it was only sent on Tuesday, we learned from diplomatic sources.
The proposal for a “global pact for migration”, presented by the European Commission in September 2020, has however remained a dead letter.
“The blockage comes from the fact that the Commission proposal does not satisfy anyone (…) because it does not resolve either the humanitarian crisis or the political crisis”, affirms François Gemenne. “The blockage comes both from the European Parliament, which thinks that we must stop this policy of excessive outsourcing (…) and many States which are not satisfied with this proposal”.
With AFP and Reuters